In the more than 300 years, the earth is no longer during the Tang Dynasty the pluralistic development of Empire, instead, split the song, Liao, Jin, Western Xia regime, under such a historical pattern, the silk road also showed a new look.
On the silk road race, Xixia and Huihe launched a up to 30 years of struggle, finally in the period of Xia Jingzong liyuanhao defeat of Ganzhou Uighur, clutch according to the Hexi area. Xixia rulers to trade on the silk road very seriously, Arabia and western traders often do business. Xixia merchants east of Liao and song, west western selling products, transport and silk treasures, which gained huge benefits.
As the Central Plains Dynasty of Song Dynasty, in Xixia jinglve Silk Road and interest to suffer the serious damage, in the land silk road status plummeted. But due to the Song Dynasty mercantilist fiscal strategy through, domestic trade is unprecedented prosperity, international trade also actively seek the road of the development, and at this time of the marine shipbuilding industry also has the great development. For Arabia businessmen, the rich is difficult to match the trade object of xixia.
It is in this context, the impressive Maritime Silk Road, became the main channel of East West trade. In addition to the Arab, East Asia, Japan, Korea, Persia in Central Asia, South Asia, India, and Southeast Asia, and even the Eastern Roman Empire more than 50 countries are with Song Dynasty maintained close trade contacts, trade line of East Japan, West Africa, South Korea and Indonesia. At that time, Guangzhou, Quanzhou, Minnesota is the world's largest port, port set up for foreign living Fanfang, Song Dynasty special in the local set up Shibo department carries on the management to the maritime trade.